Modern GATT Law
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Author: Professor Raj Bhala
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Format: Book
Status: Live on Westlaw UK

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Comprehensive coverage of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and related World Trade Organisation (WTO) agreements.

Modern GATT Law explains clearly and thoroughly the rules of GATT and connected provisions in other WTO treaties, whilst also examining the case law interpreting and applying these rules.

Now a two-volume work, Modern GATT Law features all the information you need.

  • Provides comprehensive, Article-by-Article analysis of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
  • Explains thoroughly the provisions of the Agreement, together with detailed examination of the case law based on it
  • Addresses the legal, economic, business and political aspects of each provision of GATT
  • Examines, for each Article, the relevant business issues, explains the meaning of the Article, discusses all interpretative and adjudicatory decisions, and explores alternative theoretical underpinnings
  • Analyses every interpretive note to GATT, as well as the WTO understandings on the various GATT Articles
  • Highlights grey areas, conflicts between Articles and unresolved problems, clarifying the points at issue
  • Goes in detail through the case law that has arisen since the inception of GATT
  • Incorporates important new WTO cases, such as the Brazil Retreaded Tires and China Auto Parts cases
  • Considers important recent antidumping cases
  • Looks at the impact of the Doha Round
  • Introduces important new legal research on trade and cultural products, on waivers, and on trade and morality
  • Deals with the latest controversies about country-of-origin marks and about food security

Raj Bhala

Associate Dean for International and Comparative Law

Rice Distinguished Professor

The University of Kansas, School of Law



Raj Bhala has lived, worked, and played in nearly 50 countries. He is the Associate Dean for International and Comparative Law, and holds a university chair, the Rice Distinguished Professorship, at the University of Kansas School of Law, where he teaches International Trade Law, Advanced International Trade Law, and Islamic Law (Sharī‘a). He also teaches Islamic Law to United States Special Operations Forces officers at the Command and General Staff College of Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

Before coming to Kansas, he held the Patricia Roberts Harris Research Professorship at The George Washington University School of Law in Washington, D.C., where he wrote and taught from 1998-2003. He began his teaching career in 1993 at William & Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia.

Raj is the author of 5 books and over 3 dozen articles in International Trade Law, plus 5 books and 15 articles in International Banking Law.

Raj is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, England’s Royal Society for Asian Affairs, Gateway House (the Indian Council on Global Relations), All-India Law Teacher’s Conference, American Law Institute, and Fellowship of Catholic Scholars. He was awarded Life Membership in the Indian Society of International Law. He is a Foreign Legal Consultant to Heenan Blaikie, a pre-eminent Canadian law firm. He consults with international organizations, foreign governments, and multinational corporations.

Raj holds a law degree from Harvard (cum laude, 1989) and an undergraduate degree in Economics from Duke (summa cum laude, 1984), where he was an Angier B. Duke Scholarship and inducted into Phi Beta Kappa. Awarded a Marshall Scholarship by the British Government, he earned a Masters degree in Management from Oxford (1986), and a Masters degree in Economics from the London School of Economics (1985).

An avid runner, Raj has completed many half and full marathons, including the Boston, Chicago, Des Moines, Kansas City, Los Angeles, New York, and Richmond Marathons. He enjoys studying Hindi, and reading about his heroes like Mahatma Gandhi, Mother Teresa, Winston Churchill, and John F. Kennedy.

Member of:


  • All India Law Teachers Congress,
  • Indian Law Institute


  • Royal Society for Asian Affairs

United States:

  • Council on Foreign Relations
  • Fellowship of Catholic Scholars
  • American Law Institute

Admitted to Practice in New York and the District of Columbia.